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The Call for Reform: Embracing Chief Awolowo’s Vision for a Better Nigeria



As we celebrate the 115th Posthumous birthday of Chief Jeremiah Obafemi Oyeniyi Iyanda Awolowo, GCFR, it is essential to reflect on the valuable lessons that today’s politicians can learn from his exemplary leadership. Chief Obafemi Awolowo, a visionary and transformative leader, left a lasting legacy of progressive governance, innovative policies, and unwavering commitment to the betterment of Nigeria. Chief Awolowo’s emphasis on reform to drive progress, development, and prosperity for all Nigerians remains as relevant today as it was during his tenure. In honouring Chief Awolowo’s birthday, it is fitting to consider how his principles can guide policymakers in navigating the complexities of modern governance and leading Nigeria toward a brighter and more sustainable future.

Reflecting on the indelible mark he left on Nigeria through his visionary leadership, particularly his groundbreaking free education policy, Chief Awolowo’s legacy continues to resonate with many Nigerians, myself included. Personally, I owe much of who I am today to the opportunities afforded to me through this policy. In honour of Chief Awolowo’s birthday, it is fitting to explore and celebrate his attributes that today’s politicians can emulate for the betterment of our nation.

Chief Obafemi Awolowo was a visionary leader who played a key role in shaping modern Nigeria. His commitment to the principles of justice, equity, and progress made him a champion of the common man and a symbol of good governance. As we celebrate his 115th Posthumous birthday, it is important to reflect on his legacy and the values he stood for.


♦ Professor Ojo Emmanuel Ademola is a Nigerian Professor of Cyber Security and Information Technology Management, and holds a Chartered Manager Status, and by extension, Chartered Fellow (CMgr FCMI) by the highly Reputable Royal Chartered Management Institute.

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Driving Collaboration for Living Wage: Partnership Between Government and Labour Unions



In today’s complex and dynamic workforce, the partnership between the government and labour unions is integral in driving sustainable progress. Both entities need to forge a unified front and identify shared priorities, particularly regarding job creation, workplace safety, fair wages, and social benefits. In doing so, they can collaborate effectively to address the needs of workers while also advancing broader national objectives, such as the establishment of a living wage.

The intricate relationship between government policies and labour unions presents a complex and challenging dynamic. While the government focuses on implementing policies to drive economic growth, social welfare, and national development, labour unions prioritize advocating for the rights and well-being of workers. This dichotomy can result in apparent discord, with labour unions resorting to strikes and protests to express their disagreement with government policies.

As the government pursues policies serving the broader national interest, it is essential to acknowledge the advocacy of labour unions for the welfare of workers. Despite occasional conflicts of interest, fostering understanding and cooperation between these two entities is critical. By delving into the complexities of this relationship and exploring avenues for collaboration, a more balanced and harmonious approach to policy-making can be achieved. This essay highlights the significance of cultivating understanding and cooperation between the government and labour unions, with the ultimate goal of attaining mutually beneficial outcomes.

However, it is important to recognize that both the government and the labour union share a common goal of promoting the welfare and prosperity of the workforce. Instead of approaching issues with hostility, there is a crucial need to foster understanding and cooperation between the two parties. This can be achieved through open dialogue, transparent communication, and a willingness to engage in constructive discussions.

One approach to building understanding and cooperation is for the government to provide comprehensive explanations for its policies and the rationale behind them. When labour unions are presented with clear and detailed information about the objectives and expected outcomes of government policies, they are better equipped to assess the potential impact on their members. This level of transparency helps to dispel any misconceptions or mistrust, paving the way for more informed and productive conversations.

Additionally, the government can actively seek input from labour unions during the policy-making process. By involving union representatives in discussions and seeking their perspectives, the government demonstrates a commitment to considering the interests of workers. This collaborative approach not only enriches the decision-making process but also conveys a message of inclusivity and mutual respect.

Furthermore, the government and labour unions must work together to identify areas of common ground. For instance, in the manufacturing sector, both parties may share a common goal of ensuring workplace safety. By collaborating on safety protocols and regulations, the government and unions can demonstrate their commitment to protecting workers’ well-being. Another example is related to fair wages, where both the government and unions can collaborate to establish minimum wage policies that balance the interests of businesses and workers. In doing so, they can provide a foundation for equitable compensation while also fostering a healthy business environment.

Additionally, in the public sector, both entities can work together to address issues such as pension plans and healthcare benefits, ensuring they align with the needs of employees and the fiscal sustainability of government programs. Through these examples, it is evident that aligning on common objectives allows the government and labour unions to engage in constructive dialogue and collaborative decision-making, yielding benefits for both workers and the broader society.

Certainly! The synergy of working together enables the government and labour unions to come up with a living wage for workers. By collaborating to identify areas of common ground, such as fair wages, both parties can align on the shared objective of ensuring that workers receive a living wage that supports their basic needs and fosters financial stability. For example, in sectors such as hospitality or retail, the government and unions can join forces to establish minimum wage standards that are reflective of the cost of living and provide workers with a means to support themselves and their families.

Furthermore, through open dialogue and collaboration, the government and unions can leverage their combined expertise to develop comprehensive wage policies that address industry-specific challenges while promoting socio-economic prosperity. This cooperative approach not only benefits workers by ensuring a fair and sustainable wage but also supports businesses in attracting and retaining a skilled and motivated workforce. By harnessing the synergy of their efforts, the government and labour unions can pave the way for the implementation of living wage initiatives that not only uplift workers but also contribute to the overall well-being of communities and the economy.

Several real-world examples highlight the power of collaboration between the government and labour unions. In countries such as Germany and the Nordic nations, social dialogue between government, employers, and trade unions has been instrumental in shaping policies that support workers’ rights, economic growth, and social stability. Through constructive negotiation and cooperation, these nations have been able to navigate complex economic challenges while upholding strong labour protections.

Essentially, fostering understanding and cooperation between the government and labour unions is indispensable for the effective implementation of policies and the promotion of the well-being of workers. By prioritizing transparency, dialogue, and collaboration, both parties can find common ground and work towards mutually beneficial solutions. This approach not only promotes social harmony but also leads to more sustainable and impactful policy outcomes. The relationship between the government and labour unions is a fundamental aspect of societal well-being and economic prosperity. It is imperative to recognize that effective policies must consider the rights and welfare of workers in conjunction with the broader national interest.

This cooperative approach is crucial for shaping policies that uphold the rights, dignity, and prosperity of the workforce. It not only fosters a more positive and productive working environment but also contributes to the long-term resilience of the socio-economic fabric. Embracing a spirit of understanding and cooperation between the government and labour unions is not only essential for harmonious labour relations but also integral for the long-term sustainability and prosperity of the economy.

As we move forward, let us recognize the power of collaboration in shaping policies that not only serve economic growth and national development but also prioritize the rights, dignity, and prosperity of the workforce. Promoting mutual understanding and cooperation between the government and labour unions is a significant step toward achieving policy outcomes that align with the interests of both parties and contribute to the overall advancement of society.

Conclusively, the synergy between the government and labour unions is imperative for achieving a fair and equitable working environment. By aligning on shared goals related to living wages and other vital employment factors, both parties can harness their collective influence to implement policies that not only benefit individual workers but also contribute to the welfare of the entire society. Through ongoing collaboration and cooperation, they can pave the way for a more resilient and inclusive economy, thereby fostering a better quality of life for all.

♦ Ojo Emmanuel Ademola is a college professor 

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Emerging Regulatory Challenges in Cybersecurity: Navigating a Global, Technological Landscape



The intersection of technology, globalization, and increased connectivity has given rise to a new frontier of regulatory challenges in cybersecurity. As the digital landscape rapidly evolves, organizations and governments are grappling with the complexities of securing data, protecting critical infrastructure, and navigating the intricacies of international cooperation. This has given rise to emerging regulatory challenges that demand innovative solutions to ensure the robustness and resilience of cybersecurity measures. In this context, it is essential to understand and address these challenges as they have wide-ranging implications for privacy, innovation, and the global economy.

Emerging regulatory challenges in cybersecurity are becoming more complex as technology advances and the threat landscape continues to evolve. It is crucial for regulations to keep pace with the rapid changes in cybersecurity to effectively protect individuals, organizations, and critical infrastructure from cyber threats.

One of the key challenges in cybersecurity regulation is the global nature of cyber threats. Cyber attacks do not respect national boundaries, and regulations must be able to address this cross-border nature of cybercrime. This requires international cooperation and coordination to establish consistent standards and protocols for cybersecurity.

Another challenge is the increasing interconnectedness of devices and systems, known as the Internet of Things (IoT). This raises concerns about the security and privacy of personal data as well as the potential for widespread disruptions if these systems are compromised. Regulatory frameworks need to adapt to these new challenges and ensure that IoT devices and systems are secure by design.

Additionally, the rapid development of new technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and quantum computing present regulatory challenges in terms of ensuring that these technologies are used responsibly and ethically in the context of cybersecurity.

Furthermore, the need for data protection and privacy regulations has become more prominent with the increasing frequency of data breaches and the proliferation of personal and sensitive information online. Regulations such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in the European Union are setting a precedent for data privacy regulations around the world.

Essentially, emerging regulatory challenges in cybersecurity require a proactive and collaborative approach from governments, regulatory bodies, and industry stakeholders to develop comprehensive and adaptable frameworks that can effectively mitigate evolving cyber threats. It is essential to strike a balance between effective cybersecurity measures and enabling the innovation and growth of digital technologies.

In a rapidly evolving digital landscape, emerging regulatory challenges in cybersecurity are presenting new obstacles for organizations and governments. These challenges stem from the increasing complexity of cyber threats, as well as the need to balance security with privacy, innovation, and international cooperation. Several examples exemplify these evolving challenges:

  1. Global Data Protection Regulations: With the implementation of regulations such as the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and California’s Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), organizations are encountering a web of complex compliance requirements. As data flows across international borders, companies must navigate varying data protection laws, leading to a need for a cohesive, global approach to data security.
  2. Supply Chain Security: As organizations embrace interconnected supply chains and third-party services, they are exposed to new security risks. Regulatory frameworks are struggling to keep pace with the complexities of securing a network of vendors and partners from potential cyber threats, including espionage, sabotage, or data breaches.
  3. IoT and Critical Infrastructure Protection: The proliferation of Internet of Things (IoT) devices introduces new regulatory challenges, especially in the context of critical infrastructure protection. Regulation must adapt to ensure the secure integration of these devices in sectors such as energy, transportation, and healthcare, where the potential for large-scale disruptions due to cyber-attacks is a significant concern.
  4. International Cooperation and Cybersecurity Standards: In an era of globalized cyber threats, the necessity for international coordination and standardization of cybersecurity practices is crucial. However, achieving consensus and harmonizing diverse regulatory approaches across countries poses significant regulatory challenges.

Such core concentration entails navigating emerging regulatory challenges in cybersecurity and requires the development of flexible, adaptive regulatory frameworks that address the complexities of a dynamic, global, and technological landscape. This necessitates active engagement from stakeholders across various sectors to collectively develop robust, effective regulatory solutions.

In conclusion, the emerging regulatory challenges in cybersecurity represent a pivotal juncture in the ongoing quest to secure our digital infrastructures. Tackling these challenges demands a multidimensional approach, wherein stakeholders from governments, industries, and international bodies work collaboratively to develop flexible regulatory frameworks that adapt to the evolving threat landscape. Moreover, the pursuit of effective regulatory solutions should prioritize the harmonization of diverse approaches, international cooperation, and the promotion of best practices. By navigating these challenges with agility and foresight, we can foster a cybersecurity ecosystem that not only safeguards critical assets but also nurtures innovation, respects privacy, and fortifies the digital economy against adversarial threats.

♦ Professor Ojo Emmanuel Ademola is a Nigerian Professor of Cyber Security and Information Technology Management, and holds a Chartered Manager Status, and by extension, Chartered Fellow (CMgr FCMI) by the highly Reputable Royal Chartered Management Institute.

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Unlocking Africa’s Trade Potential: Harnessing the Power of AI



In recent years, the global community has witnessed significant advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) and its potential to revolutionize various industries. As the African continent endeavours to unleash its full economic potential, AI has emerged as a critical tool for empowering trade and fostering growth. By harnessing the power of AI, Africa can significantly enhance its trade capabilities, foster economic development, and propel itself to the forefront of global commerce.

AI has the potential to revolutionize trade in Africa in various ways, unlocking its economic potential. Here are some examples and data to support this:

  1. Market analysis:

Market analysis is a critical component of trade and commerce, and AI-powered tools have rapidly emerged as a game-changer in this domain. These technologies can sift through vast volumes of data to discern market trends, consumer preferences, and demand patterns, providing valuable insights for businesses. Kenya’s Twiga Foods serves as a compelling example of the transformative impact of AI in market analysis. By leveraging AI algorithms, Twiga Foods can effectively analyze purchasing patterns and forecast market demand, thereby optimizing their supply chain management and minimizing food wastage. This not only enhances operational efficiency but also contributes to sustainable business practices.

The expected growth of AI investment in the Middle East and Africa further underscores the significance of AI for market and customer analysis. According to the International Data Corporation (IDC), spending on AI systems in the Middle East and Africa region is projected to reach $530 million by 2022. The allocation of substantial investments towards AI initiatives for market and customer analysis signifies the increasing recognition of the potential benefits that AI can bring to businesses operating in these regions. As a result, the integration of AI tools for market analysis is poised to become a widespread practice among enterprises, offering a competitive edge and propelling growth in the trade sector.

  1. Supply chain optimization:

Supply chain optimization is a critical focus area for businesses, and AI has proven to be a powerful tool in achieving this goal. By leveraging AI algorithms, companies can accurately predict demand, mitigate stockouts, and optimize inventory levels, thereby streamlining the entire supply chain process. A concrete example of the transformative impact of AI in supply chain optimization can be seen in the operations of Peermont Hotels in South Africa. Through the implementation of AI-driven technologies, Peermont Hotels has been able to enhance its procurement processes, leading to significant cost savings and marked improvements in supply chain management efficiency.

The potential for AI to revolutionize supply chain operations is underscored by a report from Accenture, which highlights the substantial economic impact that AI could have on the African economy. The report suggests that AI has the potential to contribute up to $215 billion to the region’s economy over the next decade, with supply chain and manufacturing standing out as key sectors that could benefit extensively from AI integration. This forecast reflects the immense potential for AI to drive innovation, enhance productivity, and deliver tangible economic gains across various industries within the African continent. As such, the adoption of AI for supply chain optimization is poised to play a pivotal role in shaping the future of business logistics and operations in Africa.

  1. Financial services:

Financial services stand to undergo a significant transformation with the integration of AI-powered solutions, offering a multitude of benefits for both businesses and consumers. One notable area where AI is making a substantial impact is in the realm of credit scoring and risk assessment. By harnessing advanced algorithms and data analytics, AI-powered financial services are revolutionizing the traditional credit evaluation process, ensuring more efficient and accurate assessments. Furthermore, AI is enabling the provision of personalized financial advice, facilitating improved access to finance for businesses and individuals alike.

A compelling illustration of the transformative potential of AI in the financial sector can be witnessed in Nigeria, where Carbon has successfully leveraged AI to offer instant loans to individuals and small businesses based on their digital footprint. This innovative approach not only streamlines the lending process but also promotes financial inclusion by providing swift and convenient access to credit for previously underserved segments of the population.

The profound impact of AI on the African economy is underscored by a report from the Boston Consulting Group, which highlights the substantial contribution that AI could make to the region’s economy. According to the report, AI has the potential to contribute up to $1.2 trillion to the African economy by 2035, with the financial services sector positioned to experience a particularly significant impact. This forecast reflects the immense potential for AI to drive innovation, enhance efficiency, and foster growth within the financial services industry, ultimately leading to broader economic benefits for the African continent as a whole. Thus, the integration of AI-powered solutions in the financial sector holds immense promise for revolutionizing the landscape of financial services in Africa.

  1. Trade facilitation:

Trade facilitation, characterized by the seamless movement of goods and services across borders, stands to experience a significant transformation due to the integration of AI technologies. One pivotal aspect where AI can revolutionize trade processes is by automating the often complex and time-consuming documentation, customs procedures, and logistics involved in international trade. Through advanced algorithms and data analysis, AI facilitates the optimization of these processes, effectively reducing delays and improving efficiency.

A noteworthy example of AI’s impact on trade facilitation can be observed in the African Development Bank’s implementation of “Boost Africa,” an AI-powered platform designed to streamline trade finance for businesses. By leveraging AI, this platform has successfully reduced administrative burdens and enhanced trade efficiency, ultimately facilitating increased access to trade finance for businesses across the African continent.

The potential of AI to significantly enhance trade facilitation in Africa is echoed in research conducted by McKinsey, which projects that AI technologies could potentially contribute $300-450 billion to African GDP by 2030. This substantial economic impact underscores the pivotal role of trade facilitation as one of the critical areas for AI-driven transformation and economic growth across the African continent. Consequently, the integration of AI in trade facilitation holds immense promise for fostering greater efficiency, reducing barriers, and driving economic development within the global trade landscape.

To fully leverage the transformative potential of AI in trade, Africa should prioritize strategic investments in AI infrastructure, which encompasses the development and deployment of advanced technological frameworks and systems that can effectively support AI-driven trade facilitation. Additionally, there is a critical need to prioritize building AI expertise by investing in digital skills development programs, training initiatives, and educational curriculums focused on AI technologies. This concerted effort can help cultivate a skilled workforce equipped to harness AI to optimize trade processes, thereby promoting sustainable economic growth and development.

Furthermore, fostering partnerships with international AI companies and organizations can significantly enhance Africa’s access to cutting-edge AI solutions and expertise. Collaborative initiatives, joint ventures, and technology transfer partnerships with established global players in the AI industry can facilitate knowledge exchange, technology transfer, and capacity building, ultimately augmenting Africa’s AI capabilities and competitiveness in the international trade arena.

In addition to infrastructure development and knowledge empowerment, creating supportive policies that effectively align with the dynamic nature of AI technologies is imperative. These inclusive policies should address regulatory frameworks, data privacy, intellectual property rights, and ethical considerations related to AI in trade, fostering an enabling environment that nurtures innovation, protects stakeholders, and encourages responsible AI adoption. By formulating forward-thinking policies, Africa can proactively shape an environment conducive to AI-driven trade advancements while mitigating potential risks and challenges associated with AI deployment.

In essence, these combined efforts to invest in AI infrastructure, build expertise, foster international partnerships, and develop supportive policies are essential for Africa to harness AI’s potential as a catalyst for economic growth, enhance trade competitiveness, and unlock its full potential as a key player in the global trade landscape. Through a comprehensive approach that addresses infrastructural, human capacity, collaborative, and regulatory dimensions, Africa can position itself to effectively harness AI technologies to drive inclusive and sustainable economic development.

In conclusion, the integration of AI in trade has the potential to unlock Africa’s economic potential and pave the way for sustainable growth and prosperity. Through leveraging AI-powered technologies, Africa can streamline processes, enhance market access, and foster innovation in various industries. However, successful integration will require concerted efforts from governments, businesses, and other stakeholders to invest in AI infrastructure and skills development, and ensure equitable access. By embracing the transformative power of AI in trade, Africa can position itself as a formidable player in the global economy, driving progress and prosperity across the continent.

♦ Professor Ojo Emmanuel Ademola is a Nigerian Professor of Cyber Security and Information Technology Management, and holds a Chartered Manager Status, and by extension, Chartered Fellow (CMgr FCMI) by the highly Reputable Royal Chartered Management Institute.

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