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Reflecting Dividends of Democracy: A Holistic Approach to Tinubu’s Eight-Year Presidential Tenure

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Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu’s presidency of Nigeria has been heralded by several prominent figures, including Minister of Works Dave Umahi and APC chieftain Yekini Nabena, as divinely destined to span two terms, totalling eight years. These endorsements come amid economic challenges and rising expectations for transformative leadership. The billion-dollar question is how Tinubu’s administration can deliver on the promise of lasting positive change. This discussion explores actionable strategies that could ensure the holistic delivery of the dividends of democracy to Nigeria, encompassing economic development, social welfare, political stability, technological advancement, public engagement, and robust implementation mechanisms.

Steadfastly, the current discourse surrounding Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu’s potential for serving a full eight-year term as Nigeria’s president reflects a mix of optimism, political loyalty, and strategic positioning. While prominent figures like Minister of Works Dave Umahi and APC chieftain Yekini Nabena underscore the notion that Tinubu’s tenure is divinely ordained and resistant to political disruptions, it is important to consider the broader context of such assertions.
 *Support and Optimism*
1. *Political Backing*: The current support from key political figures within the All Progressives Congress (APC), including Nabena and Umahi, signals strong intra-party unity. This cohesion is crucial for navigating the complexities and challenges of governance.
2. *Influential Endorsements*: Arthur Eze’s endorsement reflects a segment of Nigeria’s influential elite placing their confidence in Tinubu’s leadership. These endorsements can serve to bolster public confidence and encourage a collective national effort towards the administration’s goals.
3. *Faith in Reforms*: The emphasis on ongoing reforms suggests a belief that economic and policy measures currently being implemented will yield positive outcomes over time. The assertion that Tinubu’s opponents will eventually have to acknowledge these achievements implies a reliance on the tangible benefits of these reforms to counteract opposition narratives.
 *Challenges and Realities*
1. *Economic Hurdles*: The recognition of the country’s economic challenges indicates an understanding that the success of Tinubu’s administration will be significantly measured by its ability to address these issues effectively. Economic performance often influences political stability and public support.
2. *Political Dynamics*: Nigerian politics is known for its complexity and fluidity. The assertion of divine destiny and inevitability of an eight-year term, while rhetorically potent, does not eliminate the potential for significant political shifts, internal party dissent, or external pressures that could impact Tinubu’s tenure.
3. *Public Sentiment*: Ultimately, the success of any administration is contingent on public perception and satisfaction. While elite support and party coherence are beneficial, widespread public endorsement will be crucial, especially as reforms begin to impact daily life.
Surmising, the notion of Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu serving a full eight-year term is supported by influential political and economic figures, reflecting a mix of optimism, strategic political support, and a belief in the administration’s current trajectory. However, the path to realizing this goal will depend on the administration’s ability to address Nigeria’s pressing economic challenges, maintain political stability, and secure broad-based public support. The coming years will be pivotal in determining whether the optimism espoused by Tinubu’s supporters will translate into tangible and lasting success.
The core question remains how can Tinubu’s administration bring to life the ideal vision for Nigeria, ensuring that the principles of democracy are fully realized and the benefits are comprehensively delivered to every citizen?
Essentially, ensuring the holistic delivery of the dividends of democracy under Bola Ahmed Tinubu’s administration involves a multifaceted approach that addresses economic, social, political, and institutional challenges. If his administration aims to align with the notion of a “divinely destined” leadership, it must focus on tangible results and effective governance. Here are several strategies that could help achieve this:
 *Economic Reforms and Development* 
1. *Fiscal Responsibility and Transparency*: Implement policies that promote fiscal responsibility, reduce corruption, and ensure transparent management of public funds. Transparent governance builds public trust and promotes accountability.
2. *Diversification of the Economy*: Move away from over-dependence on oil by promoting sectors such as agriculture, technology, manufacturing, and services. This diversification can create jobs and ensure sustainable economic growth.
3. *Infrastructure Development*: Prioritize and expedite the completion of critical infrastructure projects such as roads, railways, power generation, and broadband internet. Improved infrastructure can boost economic activity and improve quality of life.
 *Social Welfare and Human Development* 
4. *Education and Healthcare*: Invest significantly in education and healthcare systems to enhance human capital. This includes building schools, and hospitals, training medical personnel, and implementing policies that make education and healthcare accessible and affordable.
5. *Social Safety Nets*: Develop robust social safety nets to protect the most vulnerable populations from economic shocks. This includes unemployment benefits, food security programs, and affordable housing initiatives.
 *Political Stability and Good Governance* 
6. *Strengthen Democratic Institutions*: Ensure the independence and efficiency of democratic institutions such as the judiciary, electoral commission, and anti-corruption bodies. Strong institutions are crucial for the rule of law and democratic stability.
7. *Inclusive Governance*: Promote inclusivity by ensuring that all ethnic, religious, and social groups are represented in government. This can foster national unity and mitigate potential conflicts.
8. *Electoral Reforms*: Implement electoral reforms that ensure free, fair, and credible elections. This can enhance political stability and public confidence in the democratic process.
 *Security and Rule of Law*
9. *Tackle Insecurity*: Develop a comprehensive approach to combat insecurity, including strengthening the military and police forces, addressing root causes of insurgency and banditry, and promoting community policing.
10. *Justice and Legal Reforms*: Ensure swift and fair justice delivery by reforming the judicial system and reducing case backlogs. Legal reforms should also focus on protecting human rights and curbing abuses by security agencies.
 *Technological Advancement and Innovation* 
11. *Digital Economy*: Leverage technology and digital solutions to enhance governance efficiency, economic growth, and service delivery. Developing a digital infrastructure can spur innovation and attract investments.
12. *Encouraging Startups*: Foster an environment that supports startups and entrepreneurship through government-backed initiatives, access to funding, and regulatory support.
 *Public Engagement and Communication*
13. *Transparent Communication*: Maintain clear and consistent communication with the public regarding government policies, achievements, and challenges. Engaging the public through various platforms can build trust and foster a sense of collective effort.
14. *Civic Education*: Promote civic education to ensure that citizens are informed about their rights and responsibilities in a democratic society. Active citizen participation is essential for a thriving democracy.
 *Implementation and Monitoring* 
15. *Effective Implementation*: Develop mechanisms for the effective implementation of policies and initiatives. This includes setting clear goals, timelines, and responsibilities for government agencies.
16. *Monitoring and Evaluation*: Establish robust systems for monitoring and evaluating the impact of government programs. Continuous assessment allows for adjustments and improvements to ensure desired outcomes.
By focusing on these strategies, Tinubu’s administration can work towards the holistic delivery of the dividends of democracy, aligning with the perceived divine mandate and improving the lives of Nigerians across all sectors.
In conclusion, ensuring the holistic delivery of democratic dividends under Bola Ahmed Tinubu’s administration requires a comprehensive and multifaceted approach to addressing Nigeria’s economic, social, political, and institutional challenges. By focusing on transparency, economic diversification, robust infrastructure, social welfare, inclusive governance, and security, the administration can align with its perceived divine mandate. Effective implementation, coupled with continuous public engagement, can foster trust and inclusive development. If these strategies are diligently pursued, the Tinubu administration could indeed realize the transformative change envisioned for Nigeria, thus solidifying its legacy and meeting the high expectations set by its advocates.

♦ Professor Ojo Emmanuel Ademola is a Nigerian Professor of Cyber Security and Information Technology Management, and holds a Chartered Manager Status, and by extension, Chartered Fellow (CMgr FCMI) by the highly Reputable Royal Chartered Management Institute.

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Anthony Obi Ogbo

Netanyahu should lead, follow, or get the hell out of the way

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Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s current leadership crisis can be likened to the principles of General George S. Patton Jr., who famously said that one can either lead him, follow him, or “get the hell” out of his way. General Patton was a no-nonsense United States Army general who led troops in World War II, and his quote has become a cornerstone for understanding the complicated art of leading. Besides other fundamental competencies in leadership, taking responsibility is crucial as it builds trust and respect, and promotes honesty, transparency, and accountability for both successes and failures. Accepting responsibility thus demonstrates integrity, humility, and a commitment to personal growth and development.

Following a devastating attack by Hamas terrorists on October 7, Israeli officials have taken responsibility for their failures in preventing the violence that led to the current conflict. However, Netanyahu has refused to accept responsibility for the situation. The attack was a horrific display of violence, with Hamas terrorists killing innocent civilians, including women and children, and taking hostages. Since the start of this conflict, Netanyahu has struggled to define his clear goals and strategies. He has been confused about dealing with his cabinet, the public, and Israeli allies – shifting blame onto others, and prioritizing his political survival over the needs of the nation.

Last week, he publicly criticized his strongest ally, the United States, for withholding weapons needed for the war. Directing sharp criticisms at President Joe Biden, he suggested that this delay was hindering Israel’s offensive in the southern Gaza city of Rafah, where ongoing fighting has worsened the already dire humanitarian situation for Palestinians. In reality, Biden had postponed the delivery of certain heavy bombs since May due to concerns about Israel’s actions resulting in civilian casualties in Gaza. However, Netanyahu conveniently omitted the fact that he had outright rejected the U.S. request to reconsider a full-scale invasion of Rafah, where over 1 million people are seeking refuge. Defiantly, he asserted that Israel would continue its mission to eradicate Hamas, with or without U.S. support.

Netanyahu’s uncompromising stance on challenging policy issues persisted as he dissolved his war Cabinet last week to consolidate his authority over military decisions. Before this move, his main political rival, Benny Gantz, a retired general and member of parliament known for his moderate views, withdrew from the three-member war Cabinet. This means that major war strategies will now be exclusively approved by Netanyahu’s security Cabinet, a larger body dominated by hard-liners who oppose the U.S.-backed cease-fire proposal and advocate for continuing the conflict.

Israel is currently facing a political dilemma with Netanyahu at the helm. The political landscape has been turbulent, with Netanyahu facing a growing opposition. This was exemplified by the recent passing of a controversial judicial overhaul bill in the Israeli parliament, sparking civil resistance. The situation escalated when reservists, including F-16 pilots, refused to fly under Netanyahu’s leadership until the anti-democratic bill was revoked. These actions not only impact military readiness but also underscore internal threats to Israel’s democracy.

In March, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer called for new elections in Israel, criticizing Netanyahu as an impediment to peace. Schumer, a long-time supporter of Israel and the highest-ranking U.S. Jewish elected official expressed concerns about Netanyahu’s government and highlighted the need for change in leadership, especially during a war that began with attacks on Israel by Hamas militants.

Schumer’s sentiments are shared by many, as Netanyahu’s prolonged tenure has raised concerns about stagnation and a lack of fresh ideas. The Prime Minister’s multiple corruption charges have also tarnished his leadership, contributing to increased polarization within Israeli society. A new leader could potentially bring innovative approaches to address pressing issues and bridge divisions within the country.

There are significant policy issues at play in Israel, particularly under Netanyahu’s leadership. His policies on settlements, security, and the peace process have sparked controversy and debate. Critics argue that his stance on settlements has impeded the possibility of a two-state solution by expanding Israeli presence in the West Bank. Furthermore, his approach to security, including military actions in Gaza and Lebanon, has been criticized as heavy-handed and counterproductive to peace efforts. The peace process itself has stagnated under his leadership, with many accusing him of prioritizing Israeli interests over finding a resolution with the Palestinians. Overall, Netanyahu’s policies have created division both domestically and internationally.

Looking ahead, the question arises: what is his strategy to effectively lead Israel? Is Netanyahu prepared to develop a comprehensive plan that combines diplomatic efforts, security measures, and economic policies? Will he prioritize strengthening relationships with key allies, such as the United States, while also working to improve ties with neighboring countries in the Middle East? Is he committed to implementing initiatives to boost Israel’s economy and address social issues within the country? Would he be open to spearheading a multifaceted plan aimed at ensuring Israel’s security and prosperity in the years ahead? Ultimately, is Netanyahu prepared to lead, follow, or step aside for the greater good?

♦Publisher  and Professor, Dr. Anthony Obi Ogbo, is on the Editorial Board of the West African Pilot News. He is the author of the Influence of Leadership (2015)  and the Maxims of Political Leadership (2019). Contact: anthony@guardiannews.us

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Anthony Obi Ogbo

Donald Trump and Blacks – Oil and Water Don’t Mix

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“Political affiliation without genuine consideration of interests and benefits can result in a meaningless display of ignorance and recklessness —Anthony Ogbo

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Oil and water are known for their stark differences in chemical compositions and physical characteristics, making them the most opposing properties in nature. Oil, a non-polar substance, refuses to mix with water, a polar substance, due to its contrasting polarities. This results in the formation of distinct layers when the two are combined, showcasing their inability to easily blend together.

Similarly, the relationship between former President Donald Trump and Black people is just as incompatible as oil and water. However, in a surprising move last week, Trump launched a Black voter coalition group in a bid for a November comeback. The announcement was made at a community event in Detroit, with prominent Black Republicans such as Ben Carson and John James in attendance. Trump even mentioned Rep. Byron Donalds as a potential vice-presidential candidate, highlighting the support he has garnered among Black voters. Traditionally, the Black voting bloc has supported Democrats, but recent polls have shown openness to Trump.

Despite attempts to appeal to Black voters during his presidency, his actions and rhetoric consistently alienated and marginalized the Black community. From his refusal to condemn white supremacists to his implementation of policies that disproportionately harmed Black Americans, Trump’s presidency further widened the divide between himself and the Black community. His lack of empathy, understanding, and respect for the struggles faced by Black people only solidified the impossibility of any meaningful relationship between him and the Black community. Just like oil and water, their differences are too vast and irreconcilable.

The stark contrast between Black voters and Trump is not mere speculation, but rather a reflection of his actions. Trump’s lack of popularity within the Black community is rooted in his policies. For example, as president, he supported a healthcare repeal proposal that would have left 8.7 million people of color without Medicaid coverage by 2026. Additionally, he backed a proposal to defund Planned Parenthood, a vital organization for nearly 1 million people of color who rely on its health services, including physicals, cancer screenings, and contraceptive care.

On January 27, 2017, he signed an executive order, the initial version of his Muslim ban, which discriminated against Muslims and banned refugees. Later that year, on May 12, his administration announced the abandonment of the Smart on Crime initiative, a program aimed at rehabilitating drug users and reducing the costs of incarcerating inmates.

Furthermore, the Trump administration halted the implementation of the Obama-era Employer Information Report, or EEO-1 form update, which would have collected pay data confidentially broken down by gender, race, and ethnicity. This data was crucial for federal enforcement agencies to uncover wage discrimination against women of color, who experience some of the largest wage gaps across all industries.

The upcoming November election has once again highlighted the importance of the Black vote as a significant stakeholder. Historically, the Black vote has been a powerful force in American politics, capable of influencing elections and shaping policy decisions. In recent years, there has been a growing recognition of the necessity to engage and mobilize Black voters, especially in key battleground states. The upcoming election is no exception, with issues such as racial justice, police reform, healthcare access, and economic inequality at the forefront of many Black voters’ minds.

As a crucial stakeholder in this election, the Black community holds the power to amplify their voices and demand change from elected officials. Voter suppression tactics are on the rise, and efforts to undermine mail-in voting are increasing. This underscores the importance for Black voters to be well-informed, actively engaged, and proactive in ensuring their voices are heard at the ballot box.

It is essential also, to recognize that African Americans have the right to not only align with any political party but also to make informed decisions about policies and politics. However, how these decisions are made is critical. Blindly supporting a political party goes against the fundamental purpose of politics. Political affiliation without genuine consideration of interests and benefits can result in a meaningless display of ignorance and recklessness.

Last, it is important to acknowledge that a relationship between Trump and the Black community is like oil and water – they do not mix. This highlights the need for Black voters to carefully consider their choices and ensure they align with their values and interests.

♦Publisher of the Guardian News, Journalism and RTF Professor, Dr. Anthony Obi Ogbo, is on the Editorial Board of the West African Pilot News. He is the author of the Influence of Leadership (2015)  and the Maxims of Political Leadership (2019). Contact: anthony@guardiannews.us

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Strengthening Nigeria’s Democracy: Government-Citizen Synergies and the Spirit of June 12

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The strength of a nation’s democracy lies in the synergies between its government and its citizens, working together to overcome challenges and fully embrace democratic values. As we commemorate the June 12 celebration of Democracy in Nigeria, the significance of this day serves as a reminder of the struggles and sacrifices made for democratic ideals. In Nigeria, the relationship between the government and citizens is crucial to the integrity and sustainability of the democratic system. By fostering transparency, inclusivity, civic engagement, and conflict resolution, the government and citizens can build a stronger democracy that benefits all members of society. In this discussion, we explore how the government and citizens can collaborate to overcome current challenges to Nigeria’s democracy and fully enjoy the dividends of democratic governance, in honour of the spirit of June 12.

As we celebrate Democracy Day in Nigeria on June 12 and reflect on the transformation of our nation, it is important to remember that many people still dwell on “if only” scenarios. They focus on what they lack and overlook the blessings they have. This mindset not only fosters sadness but also wastes time and happiness. Instead of being grateful for the progress we have made, some let imaginary desires overshadow their lives. Let us all pause to appreciate what we have achieved and embrace the joy it brings. Let us continue to strive for a better future while appreciating the present.
As we come together to celebrate Democracy Day in Nigeria on June 12, it is crucial to acknowledge the reality that many individuals within our nation continue to dwell on the “if only” scenarios. These individuals tend to fixate on what they perceive to be lacking in their lives, often neglecting the abundance of blessings that already surround them. This mindset not only fosters a sense of despair but also results in wasted time and missed opportunities for genuine happiness and fulfilment.
In light of this, we need to consider how this mindset may be hindering our collective progress as a nation. Instead of being appreciative of the strides we have made, some individuals allow their unfounded desires and grievances to overshadow their ability to engage effectively in the growth and development of our country. This not only holds us back as a society but also prevents us from fully realizing the potential for transformation and prosperity that lies within our grasp.
Therefore, on this occasion of celebration and reflection, let us all take a moment to appreciate the progress we have achieved as a nation. Let us acknowledge the challenges and shortcomings that still exist but remain committed to actively participating in the journey towards a more inclusive and prosperous Nigeria. We must work together, combining the efforts and energies of all citizens, without leaving anyone behind.
By embracing the diversity and strength of our nation, and by actively engaging in the processes of democracy and governance, we can pave the way for a more unified and whole Nigeria. Let us use this celebration as an opportunity to rally together, to bridge the gaps that divide us, and to ensure that every voice is heard and every individual is included in shaping the future of our beloved country. Only through collective action and genuine collaboration can we truly achieve the wholeness and transformation that we all aspire towards.
To deliver the dividends of democracy to the citizens during this celebratory time of Democracy Day in Nigeria, the government must take concrete actions beyond mere wishful thinking and “if only” scenarios. Here are some key steps that the government can take to ensure that the benefits of democracy are effectively and efficiently realized by the citizens:
1. Transparency and Accountability: The government must prioritize transparency and accountability in all its dealings and decisions. By ensuring that resources are utilized responsibly and that information is readily available to the public, the government can build trust and ensure that citizens are aware of how democracy is being utilized to improve their lives.
2. Inclusivity and Participation: The government must actively involve citizens in the decision-making processes that affect their lives. By engaging with diverse communities and ensuring that all voices are heard, the government can foster a sense of ownership and participation among citizens, leading to more effective and impactful policies.
3. Service Delivery and Infrastructure Development: The government must prioritize the delivery of essential services and the development of critical infrastructure that are necessary for the well-being and progress of its citizens. This includes improving healthcare, education, transportation, and other key sectors that directly impact the quality of life for all Nigerians.
4. Economic Empowerment and Job Creation: The government must implement policies and initiatives that promote economic empowerment and create opportunities for job creation. By investing in skills development, entrepreneurship, and sustainable economic growth, the government can uplift individuals and communities out of poverty and towards prosperity.
5. Rule of Law and Justice: The government must uphold the rule of law and ensure that justice is accessible to all citizens. By promoting a fair and impartial judicial system, the government can protect the rights and freedoms of all individuals and ensure that democracy is upheld in all aspects of society.
By taking these concrete actions and moving beyond mere rhetoric and “if only” scenarios, the government can truly deliver the dividends of democracy to the citizens of Nigeria. These steps must be taken with a sense of urgency and commitment, to ensure that democracy is not just a concept but a tangible reality that positively impacts the lives of all Nigerians.
In the spirit of June 12, a momentous celebration of democracy in Nigeria, it is crucial for citizens to reflect on their role in upholding and strengthening this crucial aspect of governance. As we commemorate this significant day in the nation’s history, it is vital for individuals to consider what actions they must take to maintain and enhance the integrity of our democracy for the collective interest of nation-building. This requires active participation, vigilance, and a commitment to democratic principles, ensuring that the voices of the people are heard and respected in the governance process. By fostering government-citizen synergies and embodying the spirit of June 12, we can work towards a stronger, more inclusive democracy that serves the needs and aspirations of all Nigerians.
The celebration of June 12 as Democracy Day in Nigeria serves as a reminder of the struggles and sacrifices made to entrench democratic ideals in our nation. As we mark this important occasion, it is imperative that we reflect on the significance of democracy and the responsibilities it entails.
Essentially, the preservation and advancement of our democracy require collective effort and continuous engagement from all citizens. By actively participating in the democratic process, holding leaders accountable, and advocating for transparency and good governance, we can contribute to the strength and resilience of our democracy. Let us honor the spirit of June 12 by committing to upholding democratic values and working towards a more equitable and prosperous future for all Nigerians.
Permit me to reaccentuate on this further. Citizens play a crucial role in upholding and strengthening democracy in Nigeria. To keep democracy intact and promote nation-building, citizens must actively engage in the democratic process and take responsibility for their roles in shaping the future of the country. Here are some key actions that citizens can take to contribute to a stronger and more vibrant democracy:
1. Active Participation: Citizens should actively participate in the democratic process by exercising their right to vote in elections, engaging in civic education, attending town hall meetings, and voicing their opinions on important issues. By being informed and active participants, citizens can hold their elected representatives accountable and ensure that democratic principles are upheld.
2. Respect for Rule of Law: Citizens should respect the rule of law and abide by the constitution and legal frameworks that govern the country. By respecting the rights and freedoms of others, citizens can contribute to a peaceful and inclusive society that upholds the rule of law.
3. Promote Political Inclusivity: Citizens should promote political inclusivity by supporting diversity and representation in government. By advocating for equal opportunities for all citizens to participate in politics, regardless of gender, ethnicity, or socio-economic background, citizens can help build a more inclusive democracy that reflects the diversity of the population.
4. Civic Engagement and Advocacy: Citizens should engage in civic advocacy and activism to promote social justice, human rights, and good governance. By joining civil society organizations, participating in peaceful protests, and advocating for positive change, citizens can influence policy decisions and hold government accountable for its actions.
5. Education and Awareness: Citizens should prioritize education and awareness about democratic principles, human rights, and governance. By staying informed about current events, understanding their rights and responsibilities as citizens, and promoting civic education in schools and communities, citizens can build a strong foundation for democracy and nation-building.
Overall, citizens play a critical role in upholding and strengthening democracy in Nigeria. By actively participating in the democratic process, respecting the rule of law, promoting inclusivity, engaging in advocacy, and prioritizing education and awareness, citizens can contribute to a vibrant democracy that promotes peace, prosperity, and nation-building. It is through the collective efforts of all citizens that democracy can be preserved and strengthened for the benefit of current and future generations.
In light of the commemoration of June 12 as Nigeria’s Democracy Day, it is crucial to examine the collaborative efforts needed between the government and citizens to address the current challenges facing our democracy. As we reflect on the significance of this important day, we must consider the synergies that can be fostered between all stakeholders to uphold democratic values and overcome obstacles impeding the full realization of a vibrant democratic society. By working together, both the government and citizens can contribute to the strengthening of our nation’s democratic institutions, ensuring that the voices of the people are heard and respected in the decision-making processes. This collaborative approach is essential for tackling issues such as transparency, accountability, and inclusivity, ultimately paving the way for a more robust and responsive democratic system.
Synergies between the government and citizens are essential to overcoming current challenges to Nigeria’s democracy and fully enjoying democratic values. Here are some key ways in which the government and citizens can collaborate to strengthen democracy and address challenges:
1. Transparency and Accountability: The government should prioritize transparency and accountability in its actions and decision-making processes. By providing citizens with access to information, engaging in open dialogue, and being accountable for their actions, the government can build trust with the citizens and promote a culture of transparency in governance.
Citizens, on the other hand, can hold the government accountable by demanding transparency, asking questions, and monitoring government activities. By actively participating in oversight mechanisms, such as budget monitoring, citizen audits, and public hearings, citizens can ensure that the government is accountable and responsive to their needs.
2. Inclusive Governance: The government should prioritize inclusive governance by ensuring that all voices are heard and considered in the decision-making process. By consulting with citizens, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders, the government can develop policies and programs that reflect the diverse needs and interests of the population.
Citizens can contribute to inclusive governance by actively participating in community meetings, policy discussions, and other forums where their voices can be heard. By advocating for inclusivity and representation, citizens can help ensure that government policies are responsive to the needs of all citizens, including marginalized groups.
3. Civic Education and Engagement: The government should invest in civic education programs that promote awareness of democratic values, rights, and responsibilities among citizens. By providing access to information and resources that empower citizens to participate in the democratic process, the government can strengthen citizen engagement and promote a culture of democracy.
Citizens can also take responsibility for their own civic education by staying informed, participating in civic activities, and engaging in dialogue with government officials. By educating themselves about democratic principles and processes, citizens can become more effective advocates for democracy and contribute to positive change in their communities.
4. Conflict Resolution and Dialogue: The government and citizens should prioritize peaceful conflict resolution and dialogue to address differences and build consensus. By fostering a culture of dialogue and respect for diverse perspectives, the government can prevent conflicts from escalating and promote social cohesion.
Citizens can also play a role in conflict resolution by engaging in peaceful dialogue, promoting understanding and tolerance, and advocating for nonviolent solutions to disputes. By building bridges across divides and fostering a culture of dialogue, citizens can contribute to a more peaceful and inclusive society.
Overall, synergies between the government and citizens are crucial to overcoming challenges to Nigeria’s democracy and fully enjoying democratic values. By prioritizing transparency and accountability, promoting inclusive governance, investing in civic education and engagement, and fostering conflict resolution and dialogue, the government and citizens can work together to strengthen democracy and promote a more prosperous and inclusive society.
In conclusion, as we reflect on the synergies between the government and citizens in strengthening Nigeria’s democracy, we must also acknowledge the significance of the June 12 celebration of Democracy in inspiring us to uphold democratic values and principles. The struggles and sacrifices of the past serve as a reminder of the importance of unity, inclusivity, and active participation in building a more robust democratic society. By infusing the spirit of June 12 into our collaborative efforts, the government and citizens can work together to address challenges, promote dialogue, and advance the cause of democracy. Through this partnership, we can build a society where all voices are heard and all citizens can actively participate in shaping the future of our nation. By harnessing the power of synergies between the government and citizens, we can overcome obstacles, foster social cohesion, and build a more prosperous and democratic Nigeria for generations to come, in celebration of the ideals of June 12.

♦ Professor Ojo Emmanuel Ademola is a Nigerian Professor of Cyber Security and Information Technology Management, and holds a Chartered Manager Status, and by extension, Chartered Fellow (CMgr FCMI) by the highly Reputable Royal Chartered Management Institute.

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